Many parents are puzzled as to what causes incontinence at night?

After the age of 5, wetting in the night, often called bedwetting or sleep-wetting, becomes less and less frequent. However, for some children and adults, the problem continues to persist.

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Experts do not know what causes night incontinence. Younger children often experience wet nights more frequently than older children. Most cases of bed wetting occur because of slow physical development, an overproduction of urine at night, lack of ability to recognize when the bladder is full or  many times just result from a family history of bedwetting.

Slower Physical Development:

Bed wetting which occurs between the ages of 5 and 10 can be caused simply because of the child’s small bladder capacity or long-term sleeping periods. The body’s alarm that signals that the bladder is full can also take time to develop. So, this kind of incontinence can gradually fade away while the child grows older.

Excessive Output of Urine during Sleep:

Normally, the body produces a hormone called antidiuretic hormone, or ADH that can slow urine production. Body normally need to urinate at night and so produces more ADH. The body that does not produce enough ADH at night cannot slow down urine production, leading to bladder overfilling. If the bladder fills and the child awakes to urinate, then wetting will not occur.

Anxiety

Experts suggest that anxiety due to events in the lives of children ages 2 to 4 lead to incontinence before the child may receive total bladder control. Anxiety experienced after age 4 might lead to wetting after the child has been dry for a period of 6 months or more. Such events like angry parents, unfamiliar social situations, and the birth of a brother or sister are included.
Incontinence itself is a anxiety causing event. Strong bladder contractions lead to leakage in the day time which causes tension and anxiety which will cause night wetting.

Genetics:

Inheritance will also cause incontinence in children. In 1995, Swedish researchers said that the human chromosome 13can also lead to incontinence. If both parents were bed-wetter’s, a child has an 80 percent chance of being a bed-wetter. As the experts believe, other undetermined genes may also be involved in the incontinence.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea:

This condition, obstructive sleep apnea specifies that the child breathing is interrupted during the sleep which will cause enlargement of tonsils or adenoids. Other symptoms of this condition include snoring, mouth breathing, frequent ear and sinus infections, sore throat, choking, and daytime drowsiness. Night continence can be a sign for the above conditions.

The main solutions for incontinence at night tend to be drugs, bed-wetting alarms, or medical procedures. The safest of these methods is bed-wetting alarms.

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